The Schengen Agreement is a treaty that led to the founding of Europe’s Schengen Area, which has largely eliminated internal border checks. It was signed by five of the ten member states of the then European Economic Community on June 14, 1985, and enacted a decade later, with all nations in the European Union (EU) except the United Kingdom and Ireland joining over the next several years.

The agreement eliminated border checks at the area’s shared borders, allowing people to travel freely inside it. It allows inhabitants in border areas to cross borders away from permanent checkpoints and has standardised visa regulations, making it possible to obtain a Schengen Visa for stays of less than 90 days.

 

Schengen Zone

 

Which countries are in the Schengen Area?

The Schengen Area is a zone in which 26 European countries have abolished their internal borders to allow for free and unrestricted movement of people, while also adhering to common rules for controlling external borders and combating crime by strengthening the common judicial system and police cooperation.

The Schengen Area countries are listed below:

Austria

Since 1997, when Austria joined the Schengen Area as an EU member state, foreign visitors have been allowed to apply for an Austrian Schengen Visa.

Hungary

Since 2007, when Hungary became a member of the Schengen Area as well as a member of the European Union, you may apply for a Hungarian Schengen Visa.

Norway

Since 2001, when Norway became a part of the Schengen Area as an EFTA member, you may apply for a Norwegian Schengen Visa.

Belgium

Belgium’s government ratified the Schengen Agreement in 1995, thus becoming a member of the European border-free zone. A Belgian Schengen Visa is available to foreign tourists.

Iceland

Since 2001, when Iceland joined the Schengen Area as an EFTA member, foreign tourists have been able to apply for an Icelandic Schengen Visa.

Poland

Since 2007, when Poland joined the Schengen Area as a member state of the European Union, you may apply for a Polish Schengen Visa.

Czech Republic

Since 2007, when the Czech Republic joined the Schengen Area as an EU member state, you can apply for a Czech Republic Schengen Visa.

Italy

World travellers who want to visit Italy for a short period of time can do so by getting an Italy Schengen Visa. The Schengen Area includes San Marino as well as the Vatican City.

Portugal

Since 1995, when Portugal joined the Schengen Area as a member state of the EU, you can apply for a Portuguese Schengen Visa.

Denmark

Since 2001, when Denmark joined the Schengen Area as a member state of the European Union, you can apply for a Danish Schengen Visa.

Latvia

Since 2007, when Latvia joined the Schengen Area as member of the European Union, you can apply for a Latvian Schengen Visa.

Slovakia

Since 2007, when Slovakia joined the Schengen Area as an EU member state, you can apply for a Slovakian Schengen Visa.

Estonia

Since 2007, when Estonia joined the Schengen Area as a member state of the European Union, you can apply for an Estonian Schengen Visa.

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein became the 26th and final country to sign the Schengen Agreement and join the Schengen Area in February 2008.

Slovenia

Since 2007, when Slovenia joined the Schengen Area as an EU member state, you can apply for a Slovenian Schengen Visa.

Finland

Since 2001, when Finland joined the Schengen Area as an European Union member state, you can apply for a Finnish Schengen Visa.

Lithuania

Since 2007, when Lithuania joined the Schengen Area as an European Union member state, you can apply for a Lithuanian Schengen Visa.

Spain

Since 1995, when Spain joined the Schengen Area as an EU member state, you can apply for a Spain visa.

France

You can apply for a France Schengen visa since 1997, when France joined the Schengen Area as a member of the European Union.

Luxembourg

Luxembourg is one of the original member states of the Schengen Area, which was established on June 14, 1985 in the village of Schengen, Luxembourg.

Sweden

Since 2001, when Sweden joined the Schengen Area as an EU member state, you can apply for a Sweden Schengen Visa.

Germany

Travelers possessing a Schengen Visa have been able to enter Germany since 1995, when Germany joined the Schengen Area as an EU member state.

Malta

Since 2007, when Malta joined the Schengen Area as a member state of the European Union, you can apply for a Maltese Schengen Visa.

Switzerland

Since 2008, when Switzerland became a member of the Schengen Area as an EFTA member, you can apply for a Swiss Schengen Visa.

Greece

Since 2000, when Greece joined the Schengen Area as a member state of the European Union, you can apply for a Greek Schengen Visa.

Netherlands

Since 1995, when the Netherlands joined the Schengen Area as a member state of the EU, you can apply for a Netherlands Schengen Visa.

 

Austria

One of the richest countries in the world in terms of per capital GDP, with an area of 83,871km2 and a population of 8,712,137 people. On April 28, 1995, the country signed the Schengen Agreement. However, it was not implemented until December 1, 1997, which was more than two years later. Austria lies in central Europe and is surrounded by eight countries, which is molre than most other European countries. Its city, Vienna, is still one of the most popular tourist attractions in Europe.

Austrian embassies around the world received a total of 304,556 visa applications in 2017.

Apply for a visa to Austria

 

Belgium

Belgium was one of the first five countries to sign the Schengen Agreement, which was signed on June 14, 1985, and implemented on March 26, 1995. With a land area of 30,528km2 and a population of 11,358,379, it is a small and densely populated country.

The country is bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany, and Luxembourg and is located in Western Europe. Brussels, the administrative capital of the European Union, is frequently referred to as the EU’s capital city. In 2017, a total of 231,437 people from all over the world filed for a visa to visit Belgium.

Apply for a visa to Belgium

Hungary

Hungary is a country in Central Europe with a population of 9,753,281 people living on a land area of 93,030 km2. It is bordered on the north by Slovakia, the northeast by Ukraine, the northwest by Austria, the northwest by Romania, the east by Serbia, the south by Croatia, and the west by Slovenia.

Every year, a large number of tourists visit the country. It received 263,940 visa applications in 2017. In terms of tourism, Hungary is one of Europe’s most popular medical tourism destinations. It has a 42 percent market share in Europe and a 21 percent market share worldwide in dental tourism alone.

On April 16, 2003, it signed the Schengen accord, and on December 21, 2007, it began implementing it.

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